Subatomic Particles

Nucleus of an atom are made by protons and neutrons. All most all the neutrons and all the protons are identical to each other. All the protons have a positive electrical charge and they are  represented with the "+" sign. Neutrons doesn’t have any electrical charge.If all the protons and neutrons are identical then what makes the atoms of two different elements different from each other? So for example what does the hydrogen atom different from a helium atom? The number of neutrons and protons present in the nucleus give the atoms, their specific characteristics. Atom consists of three subatomic particles they are protons, neutrons and electrons. There are also many other particles such as alpha and beta particles. Nucleons also include protons as well as neutrons. Almost all the positive charge of an atom contains the nucleus and the nucleus originate from the protons. Neutrons are neutrally-charged and electrons are negatively charged and the electrons are located outside of the nucleus.

  • Quarks
  • Leptons
  • Gauge bosons
  • Higgs boson
  • Elementary particles

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